ECCE – EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION
CAMBODIA, Kompong Chhnang and Mondolkiri
Increasing the enrollment rate in primary school
1500 children and families
Aide et Action; Ministry of Education
CEI; We World Onlus; Fondazione PIME
Between 2007 and 2015 New Humanity International started up 20 classes of Early Childhood Education in the provinces of Kompong Chhnang and Mondolkiri. The classes welcome children aged 5 and work as a bridge with primary schools, providing children with all the skills and knoweledges that will enhance their academic inclusion.
In the Early Childhood Education Centers, children belonging to ethnic minorities have also the opportunity to learn Khmer language, that will be the official teaching language in the primary school. At the same time, New Humanity organizes trainings for teachers and trainings on health, education and agriculture for the parents, in order to enforce the competencies of the whole community and to improve the economic conditions of families.
Since 2015 the management of the classes has beed taken in charge directly by local communities, that guarantee the prosecution of the work started by New Humanity in the country.
In Cambodia children begin their primary studies at the age of 6 and the government, though recognizing the importance of pre-school education, can’t guarantee an adequate number of kindergartens. The absence of this kind of education, together with the poverty of the families in rural areas, leads to low enrollment rate at the age of 6 (23,5% of children enroll in primary school at a higher age) and to a high school drop-out rate. In Cambodia is estimated that only 50% of the children complete the primary education, and in rural areas the rate is lower than 40%.
In Mondolkiri the situation is even more critique because most families belong the Phnong ethnic minority, that don’t speak Khmer (that is the official language in Cambodia and the teaching language in public schools), with the consequence that 6 children out of 10 don’t complete primary school.
CHILDREN WHO ATTENDED EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE CENTERS
EARLY CHILDHOOD CLASSES STARTED
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