Psycho-physical development promotion for children in pre-scholar age
89 children in pre-scholar age, 350 families
Department of Social Welfare (DSW), Local Communities
This project, starting in 2022, aims to promote the full psycho-physical development of children in pre-school age in a slum of Insein, Yangon’s outskirts.
The project is starting an Early Childhood Educational Center inside the slum in order to give education to 60 children aged 4 years old.
The school’s name is “Golden Beehive“. “Beehive”, as a community in which we take care of each other, in which everybody has its own role and the leader is taking care of little ones. “Golden”, because it is the sacred colour for Myanmar people.
The school wants to ensure pre-school education to children, in order to facilitate their future at school, but also in order to grant psychological support to vulnerable children and their families.
We’re choosing to work with children aged 4 years old because this create a chance to work on their education before they enter in scholar cylce, on the other side this allow us to come closer to families and organize parenting meeting about hygiene and sanitation.
If political conditions will improve, we will also start a process of accompaniment to families in order to register children and grant access to medical and educational local services.
The school, the only educational activity in the slum, aims to become a reference point for the slum and a chance to involve families and start educational paths also for parents.
Insein’s township is one of the widest townships in Yangon, with a population of more than 300.000 people.
In 2008, after Nargis storm devastated many areas in the counrty, part of the population had to leave their own villages and move to cities. A group of families took place in a corner of the township, building temporary huts inside a junkyard. Today in this slum area there are 350 families, for a total of 1.500 people, among them 89 children are under 5 years old.
Huts are unauthorized and families never registered after their arrival in the city. New born children never got registered at all, and so they don’t have access to education nor medical services.
Hygienical conditions are fragiles, with a consequent increment of infectious diseases. Families work on daily labour, often earning less than 5.000 MMK per day (around 2,50 €), without any perspective for the future.
Myanmar’s educational sector was very neglected even before 2020 : Myanmar was among the 10 countries in the world which are spending less for education, with an educational expense about the 1,9% of GDP, one of the lowest in the world. Compulsory schooling is only until 10 years old, among the lowest in the world.
Civil war, therefore, destroyed an already precarious educational system.
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